Fiber optic refers to a high-speed telecommunications technology that utilizes thin, hair-like strands of glass or plastic, known as optical fibers, to transmit data and information over long distances through the transmission of light signals. These optical fibers are incredibly efficient at carrying data as they allow light to bounce off the inner walls of the fiber, carrying digital information in the form of pulses of light. Fiber optic technology offers several advantages over traditional copper-based systems, including much higher data transmission speeds, greater bandwidth capacity, immunity to electromagnetic interference, and the ability to transmit data over exceptionally long distances without signal degradation.
Fiber optic networks have become the backbone of modern telecommunications, serving as the infrastructure for high-speed internet connections, cable television transmission, and long-distance telephone communication. They are also widely used in various industries such as healthcare, manufacturing, and data centers due to their reliability and speed. Fiber optic technology has played a pivotal role in enabling the digital age, supporting the rapid exchange of data, video streaming, cloud computing, and other data-intensive application.