DSL, or Digital Subscriber Line, is a broadband internet technology that uses existing copper telephone lines to provide high-speed internet access to homes and businesses. DSL works by transmitting digital data over a portion of the telephone line's frequency spectrum, allowing both voice and data services to coexist on the same line simultaneously. DSL is typically faster than traditional dial-up internet and offers an "always-on" internet connection, meaning users can access the internet without the need to dial in.
DSL comes in several variations, including Asymmetric DSL (ADSL) and Very High Bitrate DSL (VDSL), each offering different speeds and capabilities. ADSL, for instance, provides faster download speeds compared to upload speeds, making it suitable for typical internet usage where more data is downloaded than uploaded. VDSL, on the other hand, offers higher overall bandwidth and is well-suited for applications like streaming high-definition video and online gaming. DSL technology has played a significant role in expanding broadband internet access in areas where laying new infrastructure, such as fiber-optic cables, is not cost-effective.